Douro WineDouro Wine is a unique cross between Portuguese wine and Chardonnay. The rich Chardonnay grape makes up over fifty percent of the wine's composition and it is actually the main grape in most Chardonnays. It has a fruity taste with hints of plum and black pepper. Most of the wine made from this grape is called Chardonnay. Portugal's Douro Valley is located near the Atlantic coast of Brazil. This part of Portugal houses some of the finest vineyards in the world, attracting international winemakers to sample their unique blend of grape varieties. A variety of different diseases have been found on the vineyards here, making it necessary to select specific Douro River grapes. In order to produce high quality wine, the wineries use the oldest methods, preserving the original flavor and taste. The history of the Portuguese in Portugal is somewhat disputed. Some believe that they colonized the Iberian peninsula. Some say they came from the west coast of Africa, while others say they came from the Southern African region. Regardless, of where they came from, the Portuguese established colonies in all the important agricultural areas, such as those in the Douro Valley. The region, now known as Portugal, has one of the largest wine-producing regions in the world. And no other place in the world is home to so many important vineyards. There are two main wine producing regions in Portugal. The first is the Douro Valley, located in the southwest corner of the country. The other is the Mende Valley, located in the south central part of Portugal. You will likely see these two vineyards when you go to Portugal. Both of these regions are famous for their variety in grapes, but the Douro Wine Company has taken over the entire region, ensuring its dominance in the production of fine and premium wine. Many people associate Portuguese wines with the casa vita, or simply casa, which is the term given to the largest wine storage house in Portugal. This store stocks one of Portugal's largest selection of premium white and red grapes. Although it began as a family business, the Douro Wine Store is a commercial enterprise and operates all across the country, even though the majority of its grapes are grown in the Mende Valley. It is very unlikely that you will find any local markets in Portugal carrying these famous Portuguese wines, since the demand far exceeds the supply. So, aside for those who visit Portugal on vacation, it is unlikely that you will find any local stores that sell these premium wines. In recent years, the demand for these premium Portuguese wines produced in the Douro Valley, has drastically increased. For this reason, several new vineyards have been founded in the region. All the major wineries are based in the Douro Valley, although smaller, family owned farms and boutiques also grow and produce great Portuguese wines. Although the majority of the region is focused on growing traditional small scale, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Chardonnay, new hybrid varieties of these grapes are quickly being developed. These hybrid varieties are especially popular with the wine connoisseurs, who tend to favor a wider range of grapes in their wine selections. Some of the more traditional and popular varietals produced in the Douro Valley include Semillon and Muscat. Both of these grapes are renowned for their flavors and aromas. Semillon is very popular with white wines, while Muscat is very popular with red wines. Both of these varieties are renowned for their unique flavor characteristics, which make them very versatile options. Cabernet Sauvignon is widely known as one of the most popular and widely consumed types of grape in the world. It is grown throughout much of Portugal, although the cooler climate of the south produces more of this grape in the southern part of the country. However, the north also produces an abundance of this grape, which makes it a great option for winemakers. Winemakers often use Cabernet Sauvignons in their blend and dessert wines.